Last edited:05/01/2011


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Japanese Terminology & Vocabulary


Ichi One Ni Two
San Three Shi Four
Go Five Roku Six
Sichi Seven Hachi Eight
Ku Nine Ju Ten





HANSHI Master of the Arts. Usually 55 years old and older with 35+ years of experience. 8th Degree Black and above.
KYOSHI Also considered a Master. Given to 6th or 7th Degree Black belt with 25+ years of experience. Usually 40 years old and above.
RENSHI A well-acclaimed Martial Artist with 15+ years in the arts. Usually 30 and over, but may be as young as 25 in some cases. Can be a Chief Instructor with his/her own school.
SENSEI Literally means “One who has been before”. Not necessarily chronological age, but in experience. A teacher – a title given to Chief Instructor of a dojo. A Black belt is not a Sensei unless he/she is running a dojo or has devoted themselves to assisting a Chief Instructor. A Black belt must have at least a minimum of 6 years of martial arts training to be considered a Sensei and usually a Sandan rank.
SEMPAI Senior student. Black belt assistant. Sometimes given to a Brown belt who assists in running a dojo.
KOHAI Junior student. One who has less time or rank than yourself


Hand Techniques


Foot Techniques

Nakadaka ken Middle finger knuckle first Keri (geri) Kick
Ko uchi Bent wrist strike Mae geri (keage) Front snap kick
Kuma-de Bear hand Mae geri (kekomi) Front thrust kick
Empi  Elbow strike Mawashi geri Round house kick
-Tsuki (zuki) Punch or thrust Ushiro geri Back thrust kick
-Uchi Strike Yoko geri (keage)  Side snap kick
Choki zuki  Straight punch Yoko geri (kekomi) Side thrust kick
Ura-ken uchi  Back fist strike Nidan geri Double front snap kick (back leg first)
Shuto uchi  Knife hand strike Ren geri Double front snap kick (front leg first)
Nukite zuki  Finger thrust Ashi barai Foot sweep
Shotei uchi Palm heel strike  
Shotei zuki Palm heel thrust General Vocabulary
Mawashi zuki Round hook punch Migi Right
Tate zuki Vertical punch Hidari Left
Kizami zuki Leading punch Jodan Upper area
Oi zuki Lunge punch Chudan Middle area
Gyaki zuki Reverse punch Gedan Lower area
Nihon zuki Double punch Kamae Combative posture
Sanbon zuki Triple punch Hajime Begin
Ura Zuki  Inverted fist Yame Stop
Sieken zuki Forefist strike Rei Bow
Awase zuki U - Punch Yoi Ready
Hieko zuki Parallel punch Kime Focus
Mokuso Meditave / Seiza position

Blocking Techniques



Uke Block -Dachi (tachi) Stance
Uke (jodan) Rising Block Heisoku dachi Close foot stance (feet together)
Chudan Chest Area Musubi dachi Formal attention stance (heels together, feet at an angle)
Gedan barai Downward block Heiko dachi Parallel stance (feet should width apart)
Shuto uki Knife hand block Hachi dachi Natural stance (feet should width apart, toaes slightly pointed out)
Ko uki Wrist block Seiko dachi Straddle leg stance
Gedan uchi barai Outside downward block (open hand) Kiba dachi Horse riding stance
Chudan uchi-uke Inside-out chest block Sanchin dachi Hourglass stance
Soto uke Sweeping block Zenkutsu dachi Front stance
Fudo dachi Free stance
Kokutsu dachi Back stance
Neko ashi dachi Cat stance
Seisan dachi Side facing straddle stance

(Bowing-in and bowing-out)

The time has come to clear the mind and prepare for the vigorous training about to come. 

For a few moments prior to the actual training, in seiza position, a period of silence is held throughout the dojo. The mind is still and not even the soft breathing can be heard. It is a time to tune into the Karate - Do and tune out all of the day’s trials and tribulations. It is time for the mind, body and soul to work as one. 

At the end of the class, as one sits in Mokuso, a student calms himself and prepares to reemerge into the proper attitude capable of meeting the world in a friendly and confident way.


  1. Please have your eyes closed during mokuso. You should work on your breathing, inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the mouth with your back straight and hands flat on your lap. You can open your eyes when bowing-in starts. 

  2. If you are late and mokuso is already in progress, please stand still on the side, be quiet and do not interrupt. Wait until the bowing-in is over, then you may join the class. 

  3. Mokuso has nothing to do with any religious sect and is merely a formality and tradition.

   Copyright © 2005, Dharma-Ryu Dojo. All Rights Reserved.

Copyright © 2005, Dharma-Ryu Dojo. All Rights Reserved.
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